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Collection Overview

Moore, Hugh, 1887-1972
Hugh Moore Fund Collection
Public Policy Papers
Permanent URL:
1922-1972 (mostly 1939-1970)
31 boxes, 2 folders, and 10 items
Storage Note:
  • Mudd Manuscript Library (scamudd): Box 1-31


The Hugh Moore Fund Collection consists of the files that belonged to Hugh Moore relating to his strong interest in the areas of world peace and world population. Moore established The Hugh Moore Fund in 1944 as a means of funding a number of organizations relating to these interests. Some of the materials in this collection pre-date 1944; these are the papers of organizations to which Moore belonged and which The Hugh Moore Fund supported.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Consists of correspondence, memoranda, articles, speeches, photographs, and posters belonging to Moore, relating to his interest in the areas of world peace and world population. The organizations which the Hugh Moore Fund supported or on which Hugh Moore served include the United Nations Association, the League of Nations, American Council on NATO, the Atlantic Citizen's Congress, the Atlantic Institute, and the Atlantic Union Committee. The subject files relating to the United Nations contain materials relating to Moore's involvement with the American Association for the United Nations (1937-1962), formerly known as the League of Nations Association and the United Nations Association. Materials relating to Moore's role as a consultant to the U.S. Delegation at the 1945 San Francisco conference to establish the United Nations are found as well, located under the Americans United for World Organization.

Collection Creator Biography:

Moore, Hugh, 1887-1972

Hugh Moore (1887-1972) was an industrialist, philanthropist, and perennial organizer. Born in Kansas on April 27, 1887 and raised in Missouri, Moore attended but did not graduate from Harvard (he is considered a member of the Class of 1907). At the age of 21 Moore, and his brother-in-law went to New York City to promote the idea of a sanitary paper drinking cup to replace the "common cup" that could be found in train stations, hospitals, and other public venues. Encountering much initial skepticism, Moore and his brother-in-law soon won over a group of investors by writing letters on Waldorf-Astoria Hotel stationery. With the help of W. T. Graham, President of the American Can Co., and other investors, Moore and his brother-in-law founded the Dixie Cup Corporation. In 1957 he sold Dixie Cup to the American Can Company, and began to devote his efforts entirely to the causes of world population and world peace, in which he had already taken a great deal of interest. He continued to be active in directing the work of the Hugh Moore Fund until his death in 1972.

Moore established The Hugh Moore Fund in 1944 with the specific goal of promoting world peace. His conception of world peace was broad, as can be seen from the materials in this collection relating to the United Nations and NATO on international, national and local levels. However, Moore's most important contribution to the understanding of the concept of world peace was his insistence that population be an element of the definition of world peace, and that it be a factor in issues relating to international relations. An overpopulated, underfed, and undereducated world was a world in which peace could not exist, at least not equally for all, he believed. Moore has consistently been characterized as ahead of his time in this matter. His pamphlet, The Population Bomb, published in the early 1950s, dealt with "population control" issues that were considered taboo at the time, and coined the phrase "population explosion" as a warning that the world would "breed itself to death." Moore was deeply concerned about birth control and euthanasia, and continued to address them despite a great deal of opposition voiced by many experts in the field of population studies. John D. Rockefeller III, chair of The Population Council considered Moore's publication of The Population Bomb a mistake and thought that it would create general panic.

Collection History


The Hugh Moore Fund Collection was donated to Mudd Library by Hugh Moore and Louise Moore Pine in a series of accessions from 1975 to 1994. Earlier accessions were integrated and processed as one collection. Later, additional accessions were simply added to the collection. In 1994 a final accession was received. All accessions have now been integrated to form one collection. As a result, materials have been rearranged and placed into an order that is as straightforward and accessible as possible.

The materials in Series 6 came from the estate of Louise W. Moore Pine (Hugh Moore's widow) via her executrix, Antonia Grifo in April 2012 . The accession number associated with this gift is ML.2012.018.


Materials relating to the Dixie Cup Corporation were removed from the collection in 1995. The Dixie Cup Records are located in the archives at Lafayette College in Easton, Pa. Please contact the Archives and Special Collections at Lafayette College for information regarding this collection.

A small group of materials relating to the Committee on the Marshall Plan, of which Moore served as treasurer, were separated from the collection in April, 1994, and sent to the Truman Presidential Library in Independence, Missouri where they will complement the other holdings on the Marshall Plan that Moore had sent to that library at an earlier date.

Several books that came in the April 2012 accession were sent to the book sale.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Melissa Johnson during 1994 and 1995. Finding aid written by Melissa Johnson during 1995. The finding aid was updated by Maureen Callahan in April 2004 in order to incorporate materials in the April 2012 accession. These materials were re-housed in archival folders and boxes at this time.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from the Mudd Library to move forward with their use.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Hugh Moore Fund Collection; Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library
65 Olden Street
Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
(609) 258-6345
Storage Note:
  • Mudd Manuscript Library (scamudd): Box 1-31

Find More

Related Materials

Related material can be found in The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies Collection [MC011]. Columbia University holds materials related to the Declaration of Atlantic Unity.

Related publications include Lawrence Lader's book, Breeding Ourselves to Death published in New York by Ballantine Books 1971).

Subject Terms:
Birth control -- United States -- 20th century.
Developing countries -- Population policy -- 20th century.
Peace -- Societies, etc. -- 20th century.
Peaceful change (International relations) -- 20th century.
Population policy -- 20th century.
Public health -- International cooperation -- 20th century.
Public officers -- United States -- 20th century.
Reconstruction (1939-1951)
Social reformers -- United States -- 20th century.
Water resources development -- Canada -- Saint Lawrence Seaway.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Peace.
World health -- 20th century.
Genre Terms:
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
Council on foreign relations
American Association for the United Nations
Americans United for World Organization (U.S.)
Atlantic Citizens' Congress (U.S.)
Atlantic Union (U.S.)
Atlantic Union Committee
Woodrow Wilson Foundation
World peace foundation
World Population Emergency Campaign (U.S.)
United Nations association of the United States of America
United Nations association of the United States of America
United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference 1944 Bretton Woods, N.H.
United Nations
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation.
League of Nations.
International Free World Association.
International Planned Parenthood Federation.
Hugh Moore fund
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Planned parenthood federation of America
Population Crisis Committee
Canfield, Cass, 1897-1986
Clayton, Will, 1880-1966
Draper, William F., 1912-2003
Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963
Lader, Lawrence
Marts, Arnauld C.
Osborne, Lithgow
Rockefeller, John D., III (John Davison), 1906-1978
Roper, Elmo, 1900-1971.
Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1933-1945.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-
United States -- Population policy -- 20th century.