Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Creator:
American civil liberties union
Collector:
Princeton University. Library. Special Collections
Title:
American Civil Liberties Union Records: Subgroup 1, The Roger Baldwin Years
Repository:
Public Policy Papers
Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/rj430454b
Dates:
1917-1950
Size:
22 boxes, 46 items, 5 Reels, and 1928 Volumes
Storage Note:
Mudd Manuscript Library (mudd): Boxes 1-12; 5678-5686; 5721
Language:
English

Abstract

The American Civil Liberties Union Records, The Roger Baldwin years, document the activities of the ACLU from 1917 through 1950. The files contain materials on conscientious objection, freedom of speech, academic freedom, censorship, and labor concerns. The files reflect work on litigation, advocacy, and public policy. Materials include correspondence and newspaper clippings. Subgroup 1 has been digitized in its entirety and is available for members of the Princeton community to view here . To view the database from outside Princeton University, please see the Guide to the American Civil Liberties Union Records .

Collection Description & Creator Information

Description:

The American Civil Liberties Union Records, The Roger Baldwin years, document the activities of the ACLU from 1917 through 1950. The files contain materials on conscientious objection, freedom of speech, academic and religious freedom, censorship, labor rights, the Espionage Act of 1917, political demonstrations, political propaganda, the Ku Klux Klan and other patrioteering organizations, mob violence, racism, lynching, and other civil liberty issues. Materials include correspondence and newspaper clippings. Please see the series descriptions for additional descriptive information.

This collection consists of 1,886 bound volumes of records from the years 1917-1946, 226 volumes of loose records from 1946-1950, and three boxes (Appendixes 1-3) that contain material primarily from 1940-1946, much of which are available on microfilm. The microfilm does not include complete runs of administrative material such as board minutes, some materials relating to files on the removal of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn from the board, various labor issues, and radio censorship. There are 228 reels of microfilm in the collection.

Arrangement:

This finding aid provides two different arrangements for the materials. Series 1: Reel Contents - American Civil Liberties Union Microfilm are in the order that the materials are physically arranged: in the volumes first by format (correspondence or newspaper clippings) and then chronologically. Series 2: Clippings and Series 3: Correspondence provide an alternate arrangement of these same materials, organized by subject.

Collection Creator Biography:

The ACLU is the preeminent civil liberties organization in the United States. The ACLU describes itself as "our nation's guardian of liberty, working daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties that the Constitution and laws of the United States guarantee everyone in this country." Since its inception in 1920, the ACLU has played a part in nearly every significant American social or political issue in the 20th century. This includes important work in the areas of civil rights, children and women's rights, freedom of speech (and all First Amendment questions), and due process, among many others.

For a more detailed history of the ACLU, please see the history in the finding aid for the processed portion of the records.

Collection History

Acquisition:

Gifted to the New York Public Library by Albert DeSilver, the Director of the National Civil Liberties Bureau in 1920. The New York Public Library deaccessioned the papers in 1953 to Princeton's Firestone Library. In 1976, the records were transferred to the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library.

Material relating to a 1912 Industrial Workers of the World free speech trial in San Diego, California is included in the collection. As it precedes the creation of the ACLU, its origin is unknown.

Custodial History:

The initial donation to the New York Public Library consisted of 10 volumes of canvas-backed post-bound original documents and clippings pasted on paper that were numbered starting with 1 for each year. NYPL removed the originals from the post-bindings, and pasted them into scrapbooks. This process increased the number of volumes and split materials that were originally described as a single volume. Volumes were renumbered with a combination of volume and letter designations (for example, 595A and 595B).

Archival Appraisal Information:

No appraisal information is available.

Access & Use

Access Restrictions:

Subgroup 1 is open for research use.

Conditions for Reproduction and Use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from the Mudd Library to move forward with their use.

Other Finding Aids:

The ACLU Card Index (1917-1946) lists materials in this collection first chronologically and then by subject or name (original index cards are now located in AC123, Library Records). Please use the linked Card Index Subjects list and Names list (individuals are found under the heading "people" in the index) to identify relevant index terms and the years in which they appear. The cards provide reel (r), volume, and page numbers for each subject. This index has several limitations. Names are not indexed exhaustively, and material from 1946-1950 is not included. To gain access to these years, please use the Reel Contents and Series lists.

This finding aid describes a portion of the American Civil Liberties Union Records held at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. For an overview of the entire collection, instructions on searching the collection and requesting materials, and other information, please see the Guide to the American Civil Liberties Union Records.

Credit this material:

American Civil Liberties Union Records: Subgroup 1, The Roger Baldwin Years; Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/rj430454b
Location:
Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library
65 Olden Street
Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
(609) 258-6345

Find More

Alternative Form Available:

Microfilm of these volumes is available at the Mudd Manuscript Library. Additionally, digital images of volumes 1-71, 73-125, 127-135, and 138-141 are available online as downloadable PDFs. Please see the Reel Contents List for access to electronic copies.

FOR DIGITIZED CONTENT: Subgroup 1 has been digitized in its entirety and is available for members of the Princeton community to view here.

Subject Terms:
African Americans -- Civil rights -- History -- 20th century.
African Americans -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States -- 20th century.
Aliens -- United States -- Civil rights -- 20th century.
Amnesty -- United States -- 20th century.
Anti-Communist movements -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Assembly, Right of -- United States -- 20th century.
Censorship -- United States -- 20th century.
Church and state -- United States -- 20th century.
Citizen suits (Civil procedure) -- United States -- 20th century.
Civil rights -- United States -- 20th century.
Civil rights movements -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Civil rights workers -- United States -- 20th Century -- Correspondence.
Communism -- United States -- 20th century.
Conscientious objectors -- United States -- 20th century.
Constitutional law -- United States -- 20th century.
Discrimination -- United States -- 20th century.
Draft resisters -- United States -- 20th century.
Due process of law -- United States -- 20th century.
Equality before the law -- United States -- 20th century.
Freedom of association -- United States -- 20th century.
Freedom of information -- United States -- 20th century.
Freedom of movement -- United States -- 20th century.
Freedom of religion -- United States -- 20th century.
Freedom of religion -- United States -- 20th century.
Freedom of speech -- United States -- 20th century.
Freedom of the press -- Minnesota -- 20th century.
Indians of North America -- Civil rights -- 20th century.
Labor laws and legislation -- United States -- 20th century.
Law -- United States -- Cases -- 20th century.
Lawyers -- United States -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
Legal aid -- United States -- 20th century.
Legal services -- United States -- 20th century.
Loyalty oaths -- United States -- 20th century.
Minorities -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States -- 20th century.
Police power -- United States -- 20th century.
Political questions and judicial power -- United States -- 20th century.
Privacy, Right of -- United States -- 20th century.
Race discrimination -- Law and legislation -- United States -- 20th century.
Records -- United States -- Access control -- 20th century.
Sacco-Vanzetti Trial, Dedham, Mass., 1921.
Scottsboro Trial, Scottsboro, Ala., 1931.
Sex discrimination -- United States -- 20th century.
Strikes and lockouts -- United States -- Cases -- 20th century.
Subversive activities -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Teaching, Freedom of -- United States -- 20th century.
Textile workers -- Labor unions -- New Jersey -- Patterson -- History -- 20th century.
Trials -- United States -- 20th century.
Genre Terms:
Briefs.
Clippings.
Correspondence.
Legal correspondence.
Legal documents.
Records.